Scale-N encompasses a group of three large German and African Institutions (Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), University of Hohenheim (UHOH) and Sokoine University SUA), FAO (Advisory board) as well as the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Cooperatives (MFS).

Partner 1: ZALF - Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (Müncheberg, Germany)

The Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF) is a large national research facility with six institutes, about 250 scientists and a total of 500 employees. ZALF has extensive experience in coordinating international projects and scientific networks in the field of land and water management and sustainable agricultural development. The research focuses on integrated analysis of agricultural landscapes for sustainable management of land and water, conservation of natural and cultural resources, and sustainable development of rural areas including overseas regions, and particularly Africa. Activities are focused on developing methods to evaluate policy impacts and changes of land use systems on environmental, social and economic sustainability and to support decision making of land use management and policy. The project will benefit from the know-how and experiences gained in ZALF’s long-time engagement in international agricultural research projects, some of them in Africa. ZALF is currently active in coordinating the Trans-SEC ( in Tanzania and has been recently coordinating the project ReACCT ( and Better-iS ( in Tanzania.

Key references:
Graef, F., Gaiser, T., Herrmann, L. and Frick, T. 2002. Improved targeting of soil and water conservation measures with the SOTER database in Niger. THE LAND 5 (3), 213-224
Sieber, S., Verburg, P., Vanitersum, M., Zander, P. 2010. Model-based systems to support impact assessment methods, tools and applications. Ecological Modelling 221 (18): 2133-2135
Below, T.B., Mutabazi, K.D., Kirschke, D., Franke, C., Sieber, S., Siebert, R., Tscherning, K. 2012. Can farmers’ adaptation to climate change be explained by socio-economic household-level variables? Global Environmental Change 22 (1): 223-235
Gomani, M., Dietrich, O., Lischeid, G., Mahoo, H., Mahay, F., Mbilinyi, B., Sarmett, J. 2010. Establishment of a hydrological monitoring network in a tropical African catchment: An integrated participatory approach. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 35 (13-14): 648-656

Partner 2: UHOH - University of Hohenheim (Hohenheim, Germany)

The University of Hohenheim (UHOH) comprises four faculties with a total staff of 428. It maintains close international partnerships with universities and other research institutes in over 90 worldwide countries. For many years the Institute of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition (Prof. Dr. Hans Konrad Biesalski) has been active in projects with developing countries dedicated to improve the nutritional status of vulnerable groups, for instance in Ethiopia, Ghana, Tanzania, Uganda, Indonesia and Guatemala (Jati 2012, Pangaribuan 2012, Inayati 2004).

Key references:
Biesalski HK (2013) Hidden Hunger. Springer, Berlin
Inayati D.A., Scherbaum V., Purwestri R.C., Wirawan N.N., Suryantan J., Hartono S., Bloem M.A., Pangaribuan R.V., Biesalski H.K., Hoffmann V. & Bellows A.C.(2004) Combined intensive nutrition education and micronutrient powder supplementation improved nutritional status of mildly wasted children on Nias Island, Indonesia. J Trop Pediatr. 50(3):143-148
Jati I.R., Vadivel V., Nohr D. & Biesalski H.K. (2012) Nutrient density score of typical Indonesian foods and dietary formulation using linear programming. Public Health Nutr.15(12):2185-92
Jati I.R., Widmer C., Purwestri R.C., Wirawan N.N., Gola U., Lambert C. & Biesalski H.K. (2014)
Design and validation of a program to identify inadequate intake of iron, zinc, and vitamin A.
accepted for publication in Nutrition
Pangaribuan R., Scherbaum V., Erhardt J.G., Sastroamidjojo S. & Biesalski H.K. (2012) Socioeconomic and familial characteristics influence caretakers' adherence to the periodic vitamin A capsule supplementation program in Central Java, Indonesia.Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 21(3):361-73

Partner 3: SUA - Sokoine University of Agriculture (Morogoro, Tanzania)

The Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA) has four campuses and is located in Morogoro town. SUA endeavors to answer the needs and solve the problems of Tanzania’s agriculture and nutrition, manage natural resources on a sustainable manner, and to contribute to improved production and living standards of the people. SUA is well endowed with 450 highly trained academic staff. It also has agricultural/natural resources management officers in agricultural, natural resource and environment management sciences as well as in socio-economic and human studies. Other persons include a body of about 700 postgraduate and 3000 undergraduate students. The University holds Memoranda of Understanding with ZALF. A number of ongoing research projects are connected to partners of Trans-SEC. SUA has played a key role in the development of the Agricultural Sector Development Programme (ASDP) of Tanzania. SUA is also expected to join hands with other actors in contributing to the Tanzania Government poverty reduction efforts. That is designed to contribute to the national level goal of reducing poverty for improved people’s livelihoods within the framework of MKUKUTA, Vision 2025 and MDGs. SUA will participate with the department of nutrition and of agricultural economics.

Key references:
Mbilinyi, B.P., Tumbo, S.D., Mahoo, H.F., Mkiramwinyi, F.O. 2007. GIS-Based Decision Support System for Identifying Potential Sites for Rainwater Harvesting. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 32: 1074-1081.
Shahada, F., Kimera, S., Mlangwa, J., Mbaga S., Laswai, G., Kadohira, M. 2005. A review of the performance and prospects of animal health information system in Tanzania. J. Veterinary Epidemiology 9(20) 89-96.
Sikira, A.N., Mwageni, E.A. 2010. Women Empowerment and Gender Based Violence: A Decision Making Perspective in Serengeti District, Tanzania . Local Government Development Journal 1(2): 115-133.
Silayo, V.C.K., Laswai, H.S., Ballegu, W.R.W., Mpagalile, J.J., Kulwa, K., Yuda, B. 2008. Adaption of the traditional coffee pulping machine to soybean dehulling. Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Sciences 9(1): 83-90

Partner 4: FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization (Rome, Italy)

Ellen Muehlhoff as senior officer works in the nutrition education & consumer awareness group of the FAO; Nutrition and Consumer Protection Division. She actively supports Scale-N and the function of the FAO is to give advice with regard to the project processes and setting.

Partner 5: MFS - Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Cooperatives (Dar es Salaam, Tanzania)

The Ministry supports and accompanies actively the Scale-N as well as links up the work at national level as well as with the German Ministry. The Ministry takes care of up-scaling processes of results to policy programs and recommendations and networks with the FAO. Furthermore, the results will be disseminated as well as the collaboration with MVIWATA (Tanzanian national farmer association) and other associations will be reinforeced.

Scale-N is financed by BMEL
Scale-N Zalf